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Ford Escape Hybrid

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Revision as of 03:05, 16 May 2006 by Rjf (talk | contribs) (moved to Escape PHEV)
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Ford is Talking about a Plug-in Escape Hybrid! See the Escape PHEV page for more details.

The Ford Escape Hybrid uses a Series-Parallel powertrain similar to the Toyota Prius. Canadian company Hymotion intends to offer PHEV conversion kits for the Prius and Escape Hybrids, initially to fleets.

This div does not appear withing the page but is used to define the references used below. If multiple ref tags were to appear within the table only the text from the first would be displayed. Thus we pre-define them here, the only side effect being that the first "a" backlink does nothing.

<ref name=ev_range> EV range [mi] or All Electric Range (AER) Assuming <35 mph, 210 Wh/mile (260 Wh/mi from grid) per, 1.5 miles is approximately the range with a fully charged stock battery pack</ref>

<ref name=phev_range> PHEV range [mi] or Blended mode Range (BMR) During which the mileage is on the order of 100 mpg. Shows range as stated by organization.</ref>

<ref name=safety> Safety in case of major accident

  1. Many Lithium cells will burst in flames if penetrated. However, phosphate cathode LiIon cells (such as Valence and A123) are flame-proof.
  2. SLA batteries contain lead and sulphuric acid but are spill-proof</ref>

<ref name=charge_time> Charge time [hours] From discharged to the point the pack will no longer be used in PHEV, to fully charged.

(per Orbital, SLA require 8 hr taper -- done at least once every 3 days -- after near full charge, to reach 100% and prevent sulfation)</ref>

<ref name=energy> Available energy [KWh] Because the DOD of the stock pack is limited by the Prius, only about 0.3 KWh of its energy is available (used). It is assumed that additional batteries are limited to a DOD range of:

  1. SLA: 0% down to 50%, due to Wikipedia:Peukert's law much of the nameplate capacity is unavailable.
  2. Lithium: 0% down to 90%, has far less Peukert losses and can be safely deep discharged.</ref>

<ref name=spare_tire> Spare Tire access

  • No the original tire well is covered or occupied by the new battery pack and must be secured and stowed in the rear cargo space.
  • Yes the original tire well is accessible.
  • Opt Optionally the battery box may be implemented in such a way to preserve access.</ref>

<ref name=convert_service> Conversion service: done by the PHEV conversion company, at their location. Conversion kit: done by the owners in their hometown.</ref>

<ref name=status> Project Status:

  • Doc: Open Source Documentation in progress.
  • Dev: Development: Working vehicles on the road but some features still under development.
  • Unknown: Unknown: No public news the last 12 months
  • Prod: Production: Working vehicles on the road, performing conversions or supplying kits.</ref>

<ref name=topology_type> Topology Type:

  • New New Battery Pack and BMS, the OEM NiMH battery and BMS are replaced with a simple string.
  • Hyb OEM NiMH battery and additional battery are both utilized in a hybrid battery pack configuration, OEM BMS continues to manage OEM battery.
    • Con Contactors are used to parallel the OEM and PHEV batteries.
    • DC A DC to DC converter is used to move power forward from the PHEV to the OEM Battery.
    • CV The CAN-View is used to manage the PHEV systems operation.</ref>
Comparison table: PHEV conversion and kit options for the Toyota Prius
Organization :Location Websites (Products)
Conv. service
<ref name=convert_service/>

Conv. kit
<ref name=convert_service/>

<ref name=status/>

# done so far
EV range [mi]
<ref name=ev_range/>

PHEV range [mi]
<ref name=phev_range/>

AC power
Charge time [hours]
<ref name=charge_time/>

<ref name=safety/>

Added weight [kg]
Spare Tire
<ref name=spare_tire/>

Cost [US$]
Warr. [years]
<ref name=topology_type/>
Pack energy [KWh]
DOD energy [KWh]
<ref name=energy/>

Bat type
PriusPlus:CA<ref>CalCars is based in California, however locations where progress is being made and help is available now include CA, CT, CO, IL, and TX.</ref> CalCars (Pb
No Yes Dev Doc 5
<ref>CalCars completed the 1st ever Prius PHEV conversion 11/04, With six by 5/07 (One which became the test bed for the PiPrius project, two of which uses NiMH, and the latest which retains the spare tire.)</ref>
100 to 240 Vac 4+
<ref name=charge_time/>
Flame Spill proof 130
Opt $3-$9K +Labor
<ref>CalCars Batteries: ~$1K ($3-$5K for NiMH) Charger: $0.9-$2K Total: $3-$4K + labor for PbA conversions and an additional $3 to $5K for NiMH</ref>
0 Hyb Con CV 4.8
2.4-3.8 +0.3 stock
PbA (Ni, Li)
<ref>CalCars uses 20 * BB Battery EVP20-12B SLA (Sealed Lead-Acid). Have used Electroenergy NiMH in EEEI Prius and Nilar NiMH in Nilar Prius, evaluating Lithium.</ref>
PiPrius:WA Manzanita Micro, PiPrius, AVI, Green Car Co. No Yes Unknown 4
<ref>PiPrius vehicles include PriusBlue, WhiteBird, and GrayPearl.</ref>
10 20-30 90 to 300 Vac Vdc 0.4-3+
<ref>PiPrius Charges in about 3 hours @ 120v & 15a or can be charged in as little as 0.4 hours (24 minutes) @ 240v & up to 40amps with manual current control from 0 to 40amps.</ref><ref name=charge_time/>
Flame Spill proof 150 no $10K +Labor
<ref>PiPrius Batteries: $0.8K~$1.2K Charger/DC-DC: $3K Target: ~$10K</ref>
0 Hyb DC CV <ref>PiPrius notes:
  1. The PiPrius PFC40H charger doubles at the DC-DC converter between the OEM and added battery packs.
  2. BMS consists of a Mk 3 Reg on every battery, which fully protected each battery on charge and discharge mode.
  3. The BMS is programmable with a laptop, with no security locks (open source).</ref>
4.7 4+0.3 stock PbA (Ni, Li)
<ref>PiPrius uses 15 * Hawker EP26 SLA (Sealed Lead-Acid), 24 * 20Ah SLA., Evaluating Lithium, or users choice of chemistry, voltage and capacity.</ref>
EnergyCS:CA EnergyCS Yes No Unknown 11 30 50 120 Vac 9.0 Flame Spill proof 83 no $40K 0 New 9
<ref>EnergyCS has 9kWh of battery capacity from a 230v 40Ah pack</ref>
8 Li
<ref>EnergyCS uses Valence Saphion phosphate cathode LiIon cells extracted from U-Charge packs</ref>
Amberjac:UK Amberjac EnergyCS partner <ref>Amberjac uses the EnergyCS system electronics but a different battery manufacturer.</ref> Yes No Dev 7 30 60-70 110 to 230 Vac 9.0 Flame Spill proof 83 yes $40K 0 New 9
<ref>Amberjac has 9kWh of battery capacity from a 230v 40Ah pack</ref>
8 Li
<ref>Amberjac works closely with EnergyCS but uses a different battery system and manufacturer though the same (LiFePO4) chemistry</ref>
EDrive:CA EDrive Systems ? ? Unknown 0 32? 60? 100 to 240 Vac 9.0 via cell sep
<ref>EDrive Through cell separation</ref>
? yes $12K 0 New 9.5 8.5? Li
<ref>EDrive uses Laptop Cobalt LiIon 18650 cells</ref>
Hymotion:ON Canada Hymotion /A123 (PHEV-L5) Yes, fleets No Prod 18 15
<ref>In the past, Hymotion has stated 50 km (30 miles) pure EV range. Yet 4.3 KWh calculates out to 15 miles. The specs on their new website say "Up to 100 mpg for 30-40 miles", which means blended mode, and is indeed consistent with the energy stored in the battery</ref>
30 100 to 240 Vac 5.5 / 4.0 Spill proof 72 no $10K
<ref>Hymotion $10K may or may not include installation, depending on source</ref>
3 Hyb 5.0 4+0.3 stock Li
<ref>Hymotion uses Lithium polymer (future: A123 LiIon)</ref>
Plug-In Conversions:CA Plug-In Conversions Yes Yes Prod 15 25 50 120/240 Vac 6/2 Flame Spill proof 100 no $12.5K<ref>Plug-In Conversions High capacity chargers extra</ref> 3 New CV 6.1 5.1 NiMH
<ref>Plug-In Conversions Uses Gold Peak NiMH 10GP30EVH</ref>
Plug-In Supply:CA Plug-In Supply Yes Yes Prod 140 40-50 80-100 110 Vac 8 Flame Spill proof 220 Yes $13K 3 Hyb 10 10.6 LiFePO4
OEMtek:CA OEMtek Yes No Unknown ? 30 50 100/240 Vac 4/6 Flameproof 95 Yes $12K 0 Hyb 9 8 Li
3Prong Power:CA 3Prong Power Yes No Prod 12 10-12 20+ 110 Vac 4 Flame Spill proof 130 Yes $6.7K 1 Hyb 4.8 2.4 PbA
Enginer:MI Enginer No Yes Prod 795 10-20 20-40 110 Vac 3-5 Flame Spill proof 75-90 Yes $2-3K 2 Hyb 2-4 1.6-3.2 LiFePO4
MD-Tech:China MD-Tech No Yes Prod 200 25-30 35-40 110/230 Vac 3-5 Flame Spill proof 75-90 Yes $3K 2 Hyb 4 1.6-3.2 LiFePO4

Notes: <references/>

  • Net Power 93 hp 71 hp 110 hp 98 hp
  • Engine Type aluminum double overhead cam (DOHC) 16-valve Atkinson cycle inline 4-cylinder
  • Engine Power 133 hp @ 6000 rpm
  • Engine Torque 129 lb-ft @ 4500 rpm
  • Motor Type Permanent magnet AC synchronous motor
  • Motor Power 94 hp (70kW) @ 3000 - 5000 rpm
  • Engine/Motor Combined Power 155 hp
  • Net Torque 105 lb.-ft 89 lb.-ft NA NA
  • Motor Torque 87 lb.-ft 295 lb.-ft. 258 lb.-ft.
  • Electric Motor Voltage 330 V
  • Gasoline Engine Displacement 2.3 L 4cyl CVT
  • Battery Pack 330v (250 cells in 50 modules with 5 cylindrical cells each).