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The [[SEVA:EAA]] is also working on instructions to help guide experienced EV Converters through the process. The project has rescently moved to it's own site [ here].  See [[Prius PHEV]] and [[PriusPlus]] for content which has moved from the Seattle Chapters site.
'''For a good history of Plug-in Hybrids see [[W:Plug-in hybrid#History]].'''
Production [[Hybrids]] such as the [[Honda Insight]] and [[Toyota Prius]] may turn out to be the missing link of vehicles, as they are solely gas fueled car that do electric tricks, they are not ''Electric Cars'', rather than a way to transition away from gasoline they are merely a way to slightly reduce consumptionIt's the transitioning away from gas as a fuel source which should really be a major priority for everyone.  As the president says '''"[[SEVA:User:Rjf#State_of_the_Union_2005|America is addicted to oil]]"''', Plug-In Hybrids may be a big part of the solution.
Formed in 1967 in San Jose, California, the [[EAA]] is a non-profit educational organization that promotes the advancement and widespread adoption of Electric VehiclesThis EAA-PHEV project began in October of 2005 in order to expand those efforts into the [[PHEV]] area by providing general information to curious parties and detailed conversion instruction to help guide experienced EV Converters through the process.
'''Hybrid Conversions''' or '''P'''lug-in '''H'''ybrid '''E'''lectric '''V'''ehicles (PHEV) are hybrid cars that can use gas or electricity as sources of fuel, they can plug-in to fuel up with gas or electricity.  These are usually hybrids which are modified, but might also include EV's with pusher or genset range extending trailers.  The PHEV designation may also be found with a number denoting their electric-only range, such as PHEV-10 ''(for 10 miles of electric range)'' or PHEV-300 ''(In the case of the 300 mile [[SEVA:Tzero]] EV with its gas fueled range trailer)''.
Since this is a '''History''' page, it might be a good place to discuss the history of Hybrids.
'''See also'''
'''Plug-in Hybrid History'''
* [[WikiPedia:Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle]]
* 2012.11.30 - [ Top 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Electric Vehicles - Department of Energy]
* 2012.07.21 - [ Plug-in hybrid sales soar; all-electric car sales stay slow - LA Times]
* 2012.03.27 - [ What's better than a hybrid car? Plug-in hybrid cars of course! - soultec 27march2012] According to Kelly Blue Book the Chevy Volt offers the lowest cost of ownership after 5 years
* 2006 - [[Hybrids-Plus]] Prius Conversions.
* 2006 - [[PiPrius]] Prius Kits.
* 2006 - [[Hymotion]] Prius Kits.
* 2006 - [[:Image:Pluginpartnerslogo.gif|PlugInPartners]] History.
* 2004 - [[PriusPlus History]] & [[EDrive]] [[Prius PHEV]] Conversions.
* 2004.10.22 - [[DaimlerChrysler Sprinter Van]]
* 2004.07.01 - [ Yahoo PriusPlus Group]
* 2004.02.28 - Wayne Brown brings the [[Prius EV Mode Button]] to the states.
* 2003.09.15 - [ Yahoo Gridable-Hybrids Group]
* 2002 - [ CalCars history] & [[PriusPlus#History]]
* [[WikiPedia:Renault Kangoo]]
* 1990 - '''[[Dr. Andrew Frank]]''' had been  doing PHEV research since 1971.
'''More Hybrid History'''
* [[Gridable_Maillist:2006./3./25]]
** 2006.03.07 - [,70346-0.html Hybrids, We Never Knew Ya] recent history
** 2004.12.10 - [ Godfather of the Hybrid] - Victor Wouk
** 2005.08.06 - - Hybrid History [ part 1] [ part 2] 1897 to present
==Toyota Prius PHEVs==
'''More EV History'''
There have been a number of sucessful Prius Plus conversions.  Ron of [ CalCars] has a [[SEVA:PbA|PbA]] version and [ EDrive] is expected to use [[SEVA:Li#Valence|Valance]] [[SEVA:Li|Li-ion]] batteries to perform conversions with ''ideal'' range.  Both are based on the 2004 or newer ''(Gen2)'' [[Toyota Prius]] and are now capable of charging from the grid using standard 120vac outlets.  They can operate as pure EV's at speeds up to 34mph for the range of their larger batteries, which is about 10 miles for the PbA and 30 miles for the Li-ion battery packs.  While also delivering vastly improved mileage at higher speeds in an EV-Heavy type of [[Mixed-mode]] which delivers roughly twice the gas mileage durring trips of twice their electric ranges ''(or 20 and 60 miles)''.  Of course one should also consider the electric power required to recharge in these 100+ mpg situations (<$1 per gallon equivalent).  During extended drives they operate just as a normal Prius and deliver their usual mileage.
* Seattle EVA Chapter [[SEVA:History]]
===CalCars & PriusPlus===
* -- Power, Plugs and People
===PHEV Conversions from EDrive===
* -- '04-06 Prius aftermarket conversions
===PHEV Kits from Hymotion===
Toronto, ON. February 21, 2006: [ Hymotion unveils Plug-in Hybrid Technology at the Canadian International Autoshow in Toronto] to use [[SEVA:Li|Lithium Ion Polymer]] battery.
[] good comments and more links,
[] flame comments mostly,
[ Yahoo ETList],
[ Yahoo Prius-2G] [ Yahoo Gridable-hybrids]
[ Yahoo CalCars-News]
Initially, Canadian company Hymotion is offering the
PHEV upgrade in two models: the 5kWh L5 for the Prius and the 12kWh L12 for
the Ford hybrid SUVs. This innovation is not cheap, so the company is
targeting fleet buyers before individual consumers. In quantities greater
than 100, the Prius L5 is US $9,500; quantities over 1,000 drop the price to
US $6,500.  Other systems are under development for the Lexus RX400h, Toyota Highlander Hybrid and Toyota Camry Hybrid.
<table class="table" cellspacing="3" cellpadding="1" width="550" align="center" border="0" style="FONT-SIZE: 8pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 110%; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><tr><th align="center" colspan="4">Per [] Plug-in Hybrid Kits</th></tr>
<tr><th align="left">System</th><th align="center">Hymotion L5</th><th align="center">Hymotion L12</th><th align="center">EDrive</th></tr>
<tr><td align="left">Vehicle</td>
<td align="center">Toyota Prius</td>
<td align="center">Ford Escape Hybrid<br />Mercury Mariner Hybrid</td>
<td align="center">Toyota Prius</td></tr>
<tr bgcolor="#e1e0f1"><td align="left">Battery type</td>
<td align="center">Lithium-ion</td>
<td align="center">Lithium-ion</td>
<td align="center">Lithium-ion</td></tr>
<tr><td align="left">Energy</td>
<td align="center">5 kWh</td>
<td align="center">12 kWh</td>
<td align="center">9 kWh</td></tr>
<tr bgcolor="#e1e0f1"><td align="left">Charge time</td>
<td align="center">5.5 hrs / 4.0 hrs</td>
<td align="center">12 hrs /6 hrs</td>
<td align="center">9 hrs</td></tr>
<tr><td align="left">Weight</td>
<td align="center">72.5 kg</td>
<td align="center">147.5 kg</td>
<td align="center">113.4 kg</td></tr>
<tr bgcolor="#e1e0f1"><td align="left">Estimated battery range</td>
<td align="center">50 km (31 miles)</td>
<td align="center">80 km (50 miles)</td>
<td align="center">56 km (35 miles)</td></tr>
<tr><td align="left">Estimated fuel economy (comb.)</td>
<td align="center">100 mpg</td>
<td align="center">60 mpg</td>
<td align="center">100–150 mpg</td></tr>
<tr bgcolor="#e1e0f1"><td align="left">Price</td>
<td align="center">$9,500 for orders &gt;100<br />$6,500 for order &gt;1,000</td>
<td align="center">n/a</td>
<td align="center">$10,000–$12,000</td></tr></table>
So Hymotion can do $6,500 for 1000, $9,500 for 100 or more, and probably similar to the $10K-$12K of EDrive for an order of a single vehicle.  They both go nearly the same distance at 31 vs 35miles, Hymotion is rated 5kWh and 40.9kg lighter than the EDrive at 9kWh, 1.8 times the energy at 1.56 times the weight.
While the battery type could make up the specific energy differance of 69Wh/kg versus 89Wh/kg the range discrepency is still odd.  This could be due the SOC range used, though one would suspect that most of the capacity would be utilized as that's one of the things Lithium does well.  Perhaps EDrive is being conservative on cycle depth, DOD, as I believe there is no stock battery to fall back on for HEV opperation in their case, while Hymotion could effectively discharge the additional Li pack till it fell off the end of it's abrupt discharge curve at 100% DOD, or 0% SOC.
Anyway, some Electric Conversion guys I know have mentioned that they think a simple "Hybrid battery", as it's known in the BEV world, type setup where a larger battery feeds the stock one would work, which Hymotion. seems to have confirmed.  The PriusPlus or EDrive method still has the advantage of being able to replacing the stock NiMH battery with a far lighter Lithium flavored one!
Notice the trend towards the magical $500/kWh at 1000 units on the Hymotion battert packs, figure $1500 for the other hardware... This is about the cost of current mass production small form Li cells, who knows what happens to the cost once you ramp vehicle scale production into the millions? $250/kWh? $100/kWh? Keep in mind that something like the tzero with 6800 18650 cells is about 1000 laptops worth, so each PHEV might represent 200 laptops, 1000 cars = 200,000 laptops...
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*Concord Ont.
*Canada L4K 1R9
*USA 857-991-2439
*Sales & Applications sales@
*Engineering Service engineering@
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*News, Media & Press kit news@
==PHEV Proponents==
===Dr. Andrew Frank===
Dr. Frank of UC Davis and his teams of students have been experimenting with various advanced vehicle technologies for the last 25 years.
*[ Dr. Frank of UC Davis] ''(google)''
** [ Team Fate] is the name of Dr. Andy Frank's vehicle design group derived from the 1960's feature film The Great Race, in which Professor Fate continuously strives to thwart his opposition, never giving up, never surrendering.
** [ Hope For the Future, Participate Now]
** [ Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries For ZEV-Range Hybrid Electric Vehicles] - Professor Andrew Frank of U.C. Davis and his students built a Prius with 25 miles of EV Range and 110-220 Volt Grid Charging.
** [ Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - PHEV Info]
** Bring on the PHEVs!]
** January 13, 2006 - [ Detroit 2006: Is the Market Schizophrenic, or Changing?]
** Dec 12, 2005 - [ Lithium Technology Supplies Li-Ion for Two Challenge X Vehicles, One a Plug-In Hybrid]
** Aug 23rd, 2005 - [ 250 MPG]
** Aug 15, 2005 - [ Plugged In Hybrids Get Remarkable Mileage]
** June 13, 2005 - [ Guest Lecture by ZAP Officers Sparks Research at UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies]
** March 02, 2003 - [ Interview with HEV Pioneer Dr. Andrew Frank] ''(evworld)''  []
** June 29, 2001 - [ UC Davis Wins Futuretruck Contest]
** Dec 2002 - [ Initial Toyota Fuel Cell Vehicles Come to ITS-Davis for Research]
** Jun 09, 2003 - [ The MathWorks Hosts International Automotive Conference]
** March 12, 2003 - [ CARB Global Climate Change Symposium]
** Sep 11, 1998 - [ Electric Cars: Can They Go the Distance?]
=== PlugInPartners ===
* '''''' -- A market for PHEVs exists today!
* -- energy security via plug-in hybrids
* -- Oil Crisis Simulations lead to PHEVs
* -- local campaign soon to go national
* -- promoting all-electric and PHEVs
* March 2005 - [ Gas Optional Vehicles: Austin Energy Charges Ahead] [ resolution [No. 050303-48]]
* -- Port of Chelan County, Wa Advanced Vehicle Initiative.
* -- Today, Ford vehicles waste more gas than any others.
* - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
* - Will consumers plug in? Consumer Response.
* [ Interview with members of the new Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Consortium.]
===Wayne Brown===
I'm aware of a few other people who have added additional battery capacity to Prii, although they did not grid-recharge, those projects are rather close to becomming PHEV projects.
*Wayne Brown ( ev-button ''discovery'', extra batteries, no plug-in ) [[Image:04 HV & PbAcidParallelTie2.jpg|thumb|100px|right|HV tie-in]]
**Much thanks to Wayne for discovering and then sharing his discovery of how to install the ev-button at [ Yahoo] in Feb of 2004. He also shared with us some interesting [ technical info] regarding the effects of the ev-mode, "136 Amps (136 Amps X 202 VDC = 27.4 KW = 36.7 Horsepower)" vs "45-50 Amps (10 kW or 13 Horsepower)" in stealth mode (non ev-button electric mode). Wayne was doing a lot of work with [ additional battery capacity tie-ins]. He [ wrapps it up] here, [ Button Part Number], [ 31% gain], [ re-enable confirmation], [ more details], [ BMS details], [ some speculation], [ 7.5ah aux battery].
==Other PHEVs==
===ACP Tzero===
The [[SEVA:Tzero]] is an all electric vehicle sports ev with 300 miles of range.  Though it can also function as a PHEV at about 30mpg on gas utilizing it's gas powered range extending trailer.  In which case it becomes a PHEV-300 with unlimited gas range.
===DaimlerChrysler Sprinter Van===
DaimlerChrysler announced a PHEV-20 Sprinter van at the HanoverTruck Show in Sept. 2004.  It will have a 15kWh advanced Lithium-ion battery and 120hp continuous (280hp peak) electric motor.
===Insight & ''M'' I M A===
Unlike the [[Toyota Prius|Prius]] the [[Honda Insight]] doesn't have an electric only mode of opperation, as such at first glance it doesn't seem to be as attractive for conversion.  However it's a very light and aerodynamic vehicle which makes it rather attractive for conversion.
Gary Graunke has done just that with his "Out-a-sight" Conversion at the [ evalbum] and his [ homepage]. ''Technically this should appear on the [[SEVA:Conversions]] page.''
There is also a '''MIMA''' '''M'''anual '''IMA''' ''(Intigrated Motor Assist)'' control project which provides manual control over the IMA (Assist/Regen) on the Honda Insight.  While not a PHEV project it might make it possible to utilize additional battery capacity in a [[Mixed-mode]] similar to the Prius at high speeds.
* - Project home page
** - Hybrid controls and the MIMA project
** - Mima Statue Update
** - MIMA L works in a CVT
*: (automatic circuitry with foot pedal) ''(Moderators note: the newest version of MIMA is CVT compatable)''
** - MIMA Display and Joystick Housings
** - The developers site is here
** - The purchase thread is here
*: Its a complex topic and modification. And one that should be carefully reviewed if your deciding on purchase.
** - The subject is still open for discussion at the developers selected for consolidation thread here
A local SEVA member is also working on a sort of odd Insight conversion, which is comming along rather slowly. See [[SEVA:User:Rjf/Insight_Modifications#Rear_Wheel_Electric_Drive|Ryan's PHEV Insight Project]].
===Hybrid Truck Project===
An interesting projects to convert an existing Hybrid commuter bus into a PHEV Recreational Vehicle.
===Prof Jim Burns===
* SDSU L3 Prof Jim Burns- Diesel Plugin Hybrid
**<br>''This doesn't look like it pluggs in?''
==News Articles==
See also [[News]]
* [ State of the Union] - What Bush ''Should'' be Saying. []
* [] Car Owners in the Driver's Seat
* [] Plug in my hybrid car? Why, you ask?
* [ Yahoo PriusPlus] - Jul 1, 2004
* [ Yahoo Gridable- Hybrids] - Sep 15, 2003
=== Related Items ===
* techpaper on HFC PHEVs - [ A step beyond PHEV?] [ EVDL Yahoo] [[EVDL_Maillist:2006./1./140]]

Latest revision as of 23:33, 19 December 2012

For a good history of Plug-in Hybrids see W:Plug-in hybrid#History.

Formed in 1967 in San Jose, California, the EAA is a non-profit educational organization that promotes the advancement and widespread adoption of Electric Vehicles. This EAA-PHEV project began in October of 2005 in order to expand those efforts into the PHEV area by providing general information to curious parties and detailed conversion instruction to help guide experienced EV Converters through the process.

Since this is a History page, it might be a good place to discuss the history of Hybrids.

Plug-in Hybrid History

More Hybrid History

More EV History