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PHEVLER (i.e. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Long Electric Range; pronounced "fevler") is a new subcategory developing among the electric vehicles. A PHEVLER is defined as a PHEV with battery capacity enough for all electric driving of double the average daily driving distance. In the USA the average daily driving distance is 30 - 35 miles, so the 2016 Chevrolet Volt with an electric range of 53 miles is the first commercial car to (almost) qualify as a PHEVLER.

Their long electric range plus more driving range using liquid fuel enables the dual fuel PHEVLERs to provide outstanding value to the drivers and to the fueling systems that support them. The average PHEVLER would use about 90% electric fuel and 10% liquid fuel. The long electric range enables PHEVLERs to accomplish most of their daily driving distance on most days using only electric fuel. PHEVLERs (and the PHEVs with shorter electric range) eliminate the range anxiety that can be a problem for battery electric vehicles (BEVs), making the PHEVLERs ideal for a wide range of short distance and long distance driving needs.

PHEVLERs will be ZERO net CO2 vehicles when fueled exclusively with renewable electricity and advanced biofuel. Biofuel will have a carbon footprint of zero when sunlight, biofuel and renewable electricity provide all of the energy inputs for growth, production and transport of the biofuel, i.e. zero fossil fuel used. PHEVLERs are ideal for vehicle-grid-integration to balance the electric grid, absorb and redistribute the renewable energy from intermittent sources such as solar and wind.


  • The smart grid meets smart car‬ - combining ‎electric vehicles‬ with ‎solar energy‬ and ‪‎wind energy‬ - Andy Frank at Efficient Drivetrains Inc. on Facebook 22march2016

  • Using the fleet of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles with long electric range PHEVLER - YouTube 28feb2016

  • DeMauro, Catherine J. J. and Andrew A. Frank (2016) Using the Fleet of Long Range Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Presentation Series UCD-ITS-PS-16-02