Electric fuel <ref>US DOE Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics</ref> costs less than liquid fuel per vehicle miles traveled. Describe the eGallon concept from DOE. <ref>eGallon - US Department of Energy</ref> <ref>Energy Department Launches 'eGallon' To Explain Electric-Car Cost, Efficiency - greencarreports</ref> <ref>Rise of the eGallon - gas2.org</ref>
Plugging in to End the Oil Age
See the free e-book Plugged in: the End of the Oil Age (reference) by World Wide Fund For Nature. "While one hundred years ago crude oil was abundant, cheap, and most areas of society were unaware of the negative consequences of its use, today anthropogenic climate change, deteriorating urban air quality, destruction of essential ecosystems, and escalating political squabbles over diminishing and increasingly expensive crude oil resources are the backdrop to the global energy system. "
"If we are to stand any chance of reversing the negative trends, this link must end by transitioning to a transport paradigm which is both highly efficient and compatible with a sustainable renewable energy future. WWF’s book “Plugged In: The End of the Oil Age” focuses on solutions to break this link. "
"Grid-connected vehicles – enabling all or part of every journey to be powered by electricity taken from the grid – are a ready-to-use solution to such challenges based on existing infrastructure and current technology. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) can dramatically reduce the oil dependency of automotive transport in an efficient and sustainable manner. The inherent efficiency of the electric powertrain means that the electron pathway can be more efficient than the liquid pathway for any given resource. There can be no justification for the wasteful and carbon-intensive ‘alternative fuels’ from coal, natural gas or oil sands. "
"Automotive electrification can ease the necessary transition towards a transport paradigm which is both highly efficient and compatible with a sustainable renewable energy future."