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Template:Prius PHEV Options

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[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

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[9]

Comparison table: PHEV conversion and kit options for the Toyota Prius
Organization :Location Websites (Products)
Conv. service
[7]

Conv. kit
[7]

Status
[8]

# done so far
EV range [mi]
[1]

PHEV range [mi]
[2]

AC power
Charge time [hours]
[4]

Safety
[3]

Added weight [kg]
Spare Tire
[6]

Cost [US$]
Warr. [years]
Type
[9]
Pack energy [KWh]
DOD energy [KWh]
[5]

Bat type
PriusPlus:CA[10] CalCars (Pb
NiMH)
No Yes Dev Doc 5
[11]
10-12
20-25
20+
40+
100 to 240 Vac 4+
5
[4]
Flame Spill proof 130
100
Opt $3-$9K +Labor
[12]
0 Hyb Con CV 4.8
6.5
2.4-3.8 +0.3 stock
5
PbA (Ni, Li)
[13]
PiPrius:WA Manzanita Micro, PiPrius, AVI, Green Car Co. No Yes Unknown 4
[14]
10 20-30 90 to 300 Vac Vdc 0.4-3+
[15][4]
Flame Spill proof 150 no $10K +Labor
[16]
0 Hyb DC CV [17] 4.7 4+0.3 stock PbA (Ni, Li)
[18]
EnergyCS:CA EnergyCS Yes No Unknown 11 30 50 120 Vac 9.0 Flame Spill proof 83 no $40K 0 New 9
[19]
8 Li
[20]
Amberjac:UK Amberjac EnergyCS partner [21] Yes No Dev 7 30 60-70 110 to 230 Vac 9.0 Flame Spill proof 83 yes $40K 0 New 9
[22]
8 Li
[23]
EDrive:CA EDrive Systems  ?  ? Unknown 0 32? 60? 100 to 240 Vac 9.0 via cell sep
[24]
 ? yes $12K 0 New 9.5 8.5? Li
[25]
Hymotion:ON Canada Hymotion /A123 (PHEV-L5) Yes, fleets No Prod 18 15
[26]
30 100 to 240 Vac 5.5 / 4.0 Spill proof 72 no $10K
[27]
3 Hyb 5.0 4+0.3 stock Li
[28]
Plug-In Conversions:CA Plug-In Conversions Yes Yes Prod 15 25 50 120/240 Vac 6/2 Flame Spill proof 100 no $12.5K[29] 3 New CV 6.1 5.1 NiMH
[30]
Plug-In Supply:CA Plug-In Supply Yes Yes Prod 140 40-50 80-100 110 Vac 8 Flame Spill proof 220 Yes $13K 3 Hyb 10 10.6 LiFePO4
OEMtek:CA OEMtek Yes No Unknown  ? 30 50 100/240 Vac 4/6 Flameproof 95 Yes $12K 0 Hyb 9 8 Li
3Prong Power:CA 3Prong Power Yes No Prod 12 10-12 20+ 110 Vac 4 Flame Spill proof 130 Yes $6.7K 1 Hyb 4.8 2.4 PbA
Enginer:MI Enginer No Yes Prod 795 10-20 20-40 110 Vac 3-5 Flame Spill proof 75-90 Yes $2-3K 2 Hyb 2-4 1.6-3.2 LiFePO4
MD-Tech:China MD-Tech No Yes Prod 200 25-30 35-40 110/230 Vac 3-5 Flame Spill proof 75-90 Yes $3K 2 Hyb 4 1.6-3.2 LiFePO4


Notes:

  1. ^ a b EV range [mi] or All Electric Range (AER) Assuming <35 mph, 210 Wh/mile (260 Wh/mi from grid) per http://www.greencarcongress.com/2005/08/solarpoweraugme.html, 1.5 miles is approximately the range with a fully charged stock battery pack
  2. ^ a b PHEV range [mi] or Blended mode Range (BMR) During which the mileage is on the order of 100 mpg. Shows range as stated by organization.
  3. ^ a b Safety in case of major accident
    1. Many Lithium cells will burst in flames if penetrated. However, phosphate cathode LiIon cells (such as Valence and A123) are flame-proof.
    2. SLA batteries contain lead and sulphuric acid but are spill-proof
  4. ^ a b c d Charge time [hours] From discharged to the point the pack will no longer be used in PHEV, to fully charged.
    (per Orbital, SLA require 8 hr taper -- done at least once every 3 days -- after near full charge, to reach 100% and prevent sulfation)
  5. ^ a b Available energy [KWh] Because the DOD of the stock pack is limited by the Prius, only about 0.3 KWh of its energy is available (used). It is assumed that additional batteries are limited to a DOD range of:
    1. SLA: 0% down to 50%, due to Wikipedia:Peukert's law much of the nameplate capacity is unavailable.
    2. Lithium: 0% down to 90%, has far less Peukert losses and can be safely deep discharged.
  6. ^ a b Spare Tire access
    • No the original tire well is covered or occupied by the new battery pack and must be secured and stowed in the rear cargo space.
    • Yes the original tire well is accessible.
    • Opt Optionally the battery box may be implemented in such a way to preserve access.
  7. ^ a b c Conversion service: done by the PHEV conversion company, at their location. Conversion kit: done by the owners in their hometown.
  8. ^ a b Project Status:
    • Doc: Open Source Documentation in progress.
    • Dev: Development: Working vehicles on the road but some features still under development.
    • Unknown: Unknown: No public news the last 12 months
    • Prod: Production: Working vehicles on the road, performing conversions or supplying kits.
  9. ^ a b Topology Type:
    • New New Battery Pack and BMS, the OEM NiMH battery and BMS are replaced with a simple string.
    • Hyb OEM NiMH battery and additional battery are both utilized in a hybrid battery pack configuration, OEM BMS continues to manage OEM battery.
      • Con Contactors are used to parallel the OEM and PHEV batteries.
      • DC A DC to DC converter is used to move power forward from the PHEV to the OEM Battery.
      • CV The CAN-View is used to manage the PHEV systems operation.
  10. ^ CalCars is based in California, however locations where progress is being made and help is available now include CA, CT, CO, IL, and TX.
  11. ^ CalCars completed the 1st ever Prius PHEV conversion 11/04, With six by 5/07 (One which became the test bed for the PiPrius project, two of which uses NiMH, and the latest which retains the spare tire.)
  12. ^ CalCars Batteries: ~$1K ($3-$5K for NiMH) Charger: $0.9-$2K Total: $3-$4K + labor for PbA conversions and an additional $3 to $5K for NiMH
  13. ^ CalCars uses 20 * BB Battery EVP20-12B SLA (Sealed Lead-Acid). Have used Electroenergy NiMH in EEEI Prius and Nilar NiMH in Nilar Prius, evaluating Lithium.
  14. ^ PiPrius vehicles include PriusBlue, WhiteBird, and GrayPearl.
  15. ^ PiPrius Charges in about 3 hours @ 120v & 15a or can be charged in as little as 0.4 hours (24 minutes) @ 240v & up to 40amps with manual current control from 0 to 40amps.
  16. ^ PiPrius Batteries: $0.8K~$1.2K Charger/DC-DC: $3K Target: ~$10K
  17. ^ PiPrius notes:
    1. The PiPrius PFC40H charger doubles at the DC-DC converter between the OEM and added battery packs.
    2. BMS consists of a Mk 3 Reg on every battery, which fully protected each battery on charge and discharge mode.
    3. The BMS is programmable with a laptop, with no security locks (open source).
  18. ^ PiPrius uses 15 * Hawker EP26 SLA (Sealed Lead-Acid), 24 * 20Ah SLA., Evaluating Lithium, or users choice of chemistry, voltage and capacity.
  19. ^ EnergyCS has 9kWh of battery capacity from a 230v 40Ah pack
  20. ^ EnergyCS uses Valence Saphion phosphate cathode LiIon cells extracted from U-Charge packs
  21. ^ Amberjac uses the EnergyCS system electronics but a different battery manufacturer.
  22. ^ Amberjac has 9kWh of battery capacity from a 230v 40Ah pack
  23. ^ Amberjac works closely with EnergyCS but uses a different battery system and manufacturer though the same (LiFePO4) chemistry
  24. ^ EDrive Through cell separation
  25. ^ EDrive uses Laptop Cobalt LiIon 18650 cells
  26. ^ In the past, Hymotion has stated 50 km (30 miles) pure EV range. Yet 4.3 KWh calculates out to 15 miles. The specs on their new website say "Up to 100 mpg for 30-40 miles", which means blended mode, and is indeed consistent with the energy stored in the battery
  27. ^ Hymotion $10K may or may not include installation, depending on source
  28. ^ Hymotion uses Lithium polymer (future: A123 LiIon)
  29. ^ Plug-In Conversions High capacity chargers extra
  30. ^ Plug-In Conversions Uses Gold Peak NiMH 10GP30EVH
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